The first signs of spring will appear some time this month, and with them early bloomers like magnolias, azaleas and pieris. You can get a head start on the busy spring planting season now by planting the last of your summer-flowering bulbs, pruning camellias to shape, and fertilising grass for a healthy, vibrant summer lawn.
- Trees and shrubs: Acacia (Wattle), azalea, boronia, buddleia, camellia japonica, correa, Geraldton wax, grevillea, hardenbergia, diosma, magnolia, michelia, waratah, flowering cherries, peach, plum and quince.
- Annuals and perennials: Hellebore, poppy, marguerite daisy, pansy, polyanthus, primrose, sweet pea, violet and viola.
- Bulbs: Clivia, daffodil, freesia, hyacinth, lachenalia, narcissus, snowflakes.
- Climbers: Jasmine, bleeding heart, orange trumpet vine.
- Flowers: Ageratum, candytuft, cleome, delphinium, larkspur, linaria, lupin, mignonette, dianthus, snapdragon, statice, alyssum, Virginia stock, impatiens, marigold, petunia, phlox, verbena.
- Trees and shrubs: This is the last month to plant bare-rooted roses, deciduous fruiting and flowering trees.
- Bulbs: Agapanthus, bearded iris, canna, daylily, gladiolus, hippeastrum, pineapple lily, tuberous begonia.
- Vegetables: Artichoke, carrot, lettuce, parsley, parsnip, radish, silverbeet, sweet corn, tomato, pumpkin.
- Fertilise citrus with specially formulated citrus food.
- Fertilise hydrangeas using a blueing compound if you want blue flowers in December.
- Fertilise lawns in preparation for spring growth.
- Feed roses with a complete rose food to help the developing buds and new spring growth. Mulch with lucerne.
- Prune camellias to shape if necessary after flowering.
- Finish pruning winter-flowering roses.
- Remove frost damage on plants, but only if there is no chance of further frosts.
Pests and diseases
- Spray and feed all citrus and rose bushes after pruning with lime sulphur, to prevent scale on trunks and branches.
- Keep watch for aphids on new growth and buds.
- Slugs and snails are looking for tasty veggies, bulbs and flowering seedlings so protect them with snail pellets. If you have pets, use pet-friendly pellets (in accordance with product instructions).
- Spray lawns for bindii.
- Hungry caterpillars are on the hunt. Keep them away with Dipel or Success Ultra.
General garden care
- Repot your indoor plants. Remove any brown or shrivelled fronds from indoor ferns.
- Regularly water azaleas to extend blooming. Avoid wetting the flowers as this spreads petal blight.
- Try not to over-water flowers as this will cause rot.